The Helmand Sistan Project


Ceramics from the 12th and 13th century are found at many sites in Sistan but are often similar to those from the preceding and succeeding periods. The most distinctive marker of ceramics from this century is the extensive use of molded wares with geometric, floral, or vegetal decorations. We found this type of ceramic at many sites and, at a few, found ceramic factories that included the molds from which these vessels were made. These sites include Jan Beg and Houses 338.

A collection of 13th century ceramics found on the highest brick floor of the Lower Palace at Shahr-i Gholghola.
A sampling of 12th to 13th century decorated molded wares found at Khwaja Sultan.
Several sites produced numerous molds from which the molded pottery was made. This collection comes from the southern tip of Houses 338.
Imported Chinese wares, extensively studied by other researchers, helped us refine our chronology of Sistan sites. These sherds, found in Sar-o-Tar, date to the 12th (upper), 14th (right), and 15th (bottom) centuries respectively.